Empress Nam Phuong d'Annam 

(1914 “ 1963)

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Marie-Therese Nguyen Huu Thi Lan was born on December 4, 1914 in Go Cong, Long-My, Vietnam. She was the granddaughter of an Indochinese billionaire. She studied at the Couvent des Oiseaux in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France. On March 20, 1934, she married Emporer B�o Dai, who then gave her the name, Nam Phuong. Nam Phuong means the South. Annam is a historic region and former state in central Vietnam. Her husband, the last emperor of Vietnam was established as ruler during World War II when the Japanese set up Vietnam as an autonomous state, comprising of Tonkin, Annam, and Cochin China. Empress Nam Phuong d�Annam and her husband had five children between 1936 and 1943. She served as a member of the Reconstruction Commitee for Vietnam after the end of World War II. In 1947 the Empress left Vietnam with her children and lived at the Chateau Thorenz outside of Cannes, France. She died on September 19, 1963, at the age of 48, from a heart attack at Domaine de La Perche, Chabrignac in France.